Tensile and Flexural Properties of Basalt-Carbon-Glass/Epoxy Hybrid Composites

Esmael Adem Esleman, Gurol Onal


The paper focused on the experimental characterization of the hybrid composites of basalt, carbon, and glass fibers with epoxy resin. Five different composite panels: name Basalt/Epoxy (BE), Carbon/Epoxy (CE), Glass/Epoxy (GE), Basalt-Glass/Epoxy (BGE), and Basalt-Carbon-Glass/Epoxy (BCGE), were manufactured using Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Molding (VARTM) techniques in the laboratory of Mechanical Engineering, Konya Technical University. The tensile and flexural tests specimens are prepared using a PST 650 Jigsaw cutter. The sample preparation and testing are per ASTM D3039 and ASTM D7264 standards. The tensile and three-point tests were conducted using an Instron 8801 universal testing machine with a 100 KN capacity. The tensile stress, modulus of elasticity, and % elongation at the break of BGE hybrid composites are higher than those of GE composites. In addition, the flexural stress and flexural modulus of BGE are higher than the BE composite, which has the lowest flexural properties of other composites.


Tensile Properties; Flexural Properties; Hybrid Composites; VARTM; Basalt Fiber.

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